OIV (Organisation Internationale du Vin – International Organisation of Vine and Wine) presented its 2017 wine production data yesterday, 24 October, from its offices in Paris.
The trends show a low production for Europe, due to climate hazards, and a higher level of production for the United States. In South America, production increased compared with the low levels of 2016. This was particularly the case in Argentina, although Chile’s vinified production remained low. Australian production grew, while New Zealand production maintained a very good level despite a slight decline.
In general, world wine production in 2017, excluding juice and musts, reached 246.7 mhl – an 8% drop compared with 2016 and one of the lowest levels for several decades. This drop was largely due to climate hazards, which affected the main producing countries, particularly in Europe.
In the European Union (EU), extreme weather events – from frost to drought – significantly impacted 2017 wine production, which was historically low. Indeed, the forecasts of the three main producing countries saw a decrease compared with 2016 production.
Italy confirmed its place as the leading world producer for the third year running in 2017 (39.3 mhl, -23%/2016), followed by France (36.7 mhl, -19%/2016) and Spain (33.5 mhl, -15%/2016).
This reduction was recorded in the main EU countries. Germany (8.1 mhl, -10%/2016) and Greece (2.5 mhl, -10%/2016) fell into line with this downward trend. Bulgaria (1.1 mhl, – 2%/2016) saw a production level in keeping with its potential.
Portugal (6.6 mhl), Romania (5.3 mhl), Hungary (2.9 mhl) and Austria (2.4 mhl) were the only countries to record a rise compared with 2016. After two poor harvests, Romania returned to a high level of production.
The United States, with 23.3 mhl vinified (-1%/2016), saw a high level of production for the second year running. One doubt remains: the estimated wine production is based on USDA forecasts for grape production, relating especially to wine grapes, from August 2017 and does not therefore take into account the potential consequences of the recent fires in California (October 2017).
In South America, wine production is likely to show quite an increase compared with 2016, despite the fairly low temperatures at the end of the 2016 year. Argentina recorded a rise in its production with 11.8mhl vinified in 2017 (+25%/2016), after the 2016 harvest was one of the lowest in recent years. Brazil, after the previous year’s very low production of 1.4 mhl, saw production levels of over 3.4 mhl in 2017. In Chile, 2017 production registered a decline with 9.5 mhl, equating to -6% compared with an already low 2016 production.
South Africa (10.8 mhl) observed a slight 2% increase in production levels in 2017 compared with 2016.
In Oceania, 2017 Australian production reached a sustained level of 13.9 mhl, which is +6% compared with 2016. Production was on the up for the third year in a row. In New Zealand, production slightly declined in 2017 (-9%), yet this was compared to a record production the year before. It nevertheless remained high (2.9 mhl).