Global wine output rebounded in 2018

With 282 million hectolitres (mhl), 2018 vitivinicultural production is one of the highest since 2000.

  • In Europe: Italy (48.5 mhl), France (46.4 mhl) and Spain (40.9 mhl) recorded very high production levels. Germany (9.8 mhl), Romania (5.2 mhl), Hungary (3.4 mhl)and Austria (3.0 mhl) have also forecasted harvests above their 5-year averages.Portugal (5.3 mhl) and Greece (2.2 mhl) were the only countries to see a decrease in production compared with 2017.
  • Production levels in the United States (23.9 mhl) have remained stable for 3 years.
  • In South Africa, drought significantly impacted 2018 production (9.5 mhl).
  • South American production levels were very high. In Argentina (14.5 mhl) vinified production increased by 23% compared with the previous year, and in Chile
    (12.9 mhl) it grew by 36%. Brazil (3.0 mhl) reached a high level, even if its production fell compared with the very strong 2017 production.
  • Australian wine production (12.5 mhl) declined compared with that of the previous year and New Zealand production (3.0 mhl) remained at a very high level.

In the European Union (EU), the harvest volume will be 19% higher than the previous year’s levels. Wine production, excluding juice and musts, is estimated at 168.4 mhl – which is asignificant increase of 27.2 mhl compared with the low 2017 production (141.1 mhl).

In the main European producing countries, estimates for the 2018 harvest are higher than those of the year before. In Italy, production increased by 14% compared with 2017 and established itself at 48.5 mhl, in line with the 5-year average. In France (46.4 mhl) and in Spain (40.9 mhl), with rises of 27% and 26% respectively compared with 2017, estimated levels are higher than the average for the last 5 years.

In Germany (9.8 mhl), production increased by 2.3 mhl compared with the preceding year. This level of production is likely to be the highest in the last 10 years. In Romania (5.2 mhl), after 4 years of production at an average level, 2018 should exceed the already very high levels of 2013. In Hungary (3.4 mhl) and in Austria (3.0 mhl), production will also be very strong compared with recent years.

Portugal and Greece were the only countries to see a reduced harvest compared with their 2017 volumes. In Portugal (5.3 mhl), weather conditions favourable to bouts of downy and powdery mildew greatly impacted 2018 production, with a drop of 22% compared with 2017. 2018 production is set to be the lowest in the last 6 years. In Greece, vinified production should arrive at 2.2 mhl – a fall of 15% compared with 2017. This follows the downward trend in production observed since 2003.

In the main wine-producing countries outside the EU, the level of vinified production in 2018 was higher than the average for the 5 previous years.

The United States, with 23.9 mhl vinified (-2%/2017), recorded a high level of production for the third year running, thus confirming its position as the 4th biggest global producer.

In the southern hemisphere, 2018 production in Chile established itself at 12.9 mhl – an increase in production of 36% compared with 2017. Argentina, after 2 years of very low production, returned to a high level in 2018 (14.5 mhl, equating to +23%/2017). In Brazil, despite a decrease in 2018 production compared with 2017 (-17%), it is still set to remain at a high level (3.0 mhl).

In South Africa, drought significantly impacted 2018 production (9.5 mhl), with a decline of 12% compared with 2017. The country recorded its lowest production level since 2012.

In Australia, after the 2 very sizeable harvests of 2016 (13.1 mhl) and 2017 (13.7 mhl), 2018 production (12.5 mhl) saw a drop of 9%. Despite this drop, the vinified level remained high in relation to the 5-year average. In New Zealand, production increased compared with the preceding year and stood at a high level of 3.0 mhl, which is the 3rd highest production recorded in the country.